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According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. agricultural and related exports totaled $162 billion in 2020, the third-highest total on record.

The U.S.’s top agricultural export partners have shifted over the years, from Western Europe and Russia to South and East Asia, Latin America, and North Africa. A growing world population and expanding middle class in developing countries suggest that U.S. agriculture will remain high in demand for the foreseeable future.

Total U.S. agricultural and related goods exports peaked in 2014 at over $170 billion. The following year, the value dropped by 12% due to a significant appreciation of the U.S. dollar; agriculture exports remained fairly constant after that.

Tariffs imposed during the Trump administration resulted in retaliatory tariffs by important trade partners, which impacted U.S. agricultural exports to those countries, particularly to China. However, the impact on total agricultural exports was minimal, in part due to increased exports to other non-retaliating countries.

consumer oriented goods in US export share

Since 1980, consumer-oriented goods have made up an increasingly large share of U.S. agricultural exports. Consumer-oriented agricultural products are higher-value goods destined for direct consumer consumption and include things like meat, eggs, fruit, and vegetables.

This trend is due in part to changing consumer preferences resulting from rising incomes globally.

Many developing countries — including China, Mexico, and Indonesia — are important trade partners to the U.S., and rising household incomes in these countries have led to increased demand for higher-value products such as meat, dairy, and fresh produce.

Bulk goods make up the second-largest share of U.S. agricultural exports and include products like grains, oilseeds, and cotton.

biggest US agricultural product importers

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While the U.S. and Europe have historically been the world’s largest importers and exporters of agricultural goods, emerging economies are becoming increasingly important to global trade.

On a regional basis, East Asia — which includes China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan — is the largest importer of U.S. agricultural products, accounting for 34% of all U.S. agricultural exports in 2020.

Southeast Asia — which includes Vietnam, the Philippines, and Indonesia — is now the third-largest importer of U.S. agricultural products, behind North America and ahead of the European Union. For context, Southeast Asia ranked seventh in 1990.

To find the largest importers of U.S. agricultural products, researchers at Commodity.com analyzed data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

The researchers ranked countries according to the total value of U.S. agricultural products that each country imports. Researchers also calculated each country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports, the top U.S. agricultural product exported to each country, and other detailed statistics.

Here are the biggest importers of U.S. agricultural products.

Largest Importers of U.S. Agricultural Products

Bangkok, Thailand
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15. Thailand

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $1,900,352,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 1.2%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Soybeans
  • Bulk total value: $868,546,000
  • Intermedial total value: $508,351,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $398,499,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $124,957,000

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Egypt
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14. Egypt

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $1,920,256,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 1.2%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Soybeans
  • Bulk total value: $1,509,877,000
  • Intermedial total value: $180,781,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $204,093,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $25,506,000
Hong Kong
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13. Hong Kong

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $2,182,661,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 1.3%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Beef & Beef Products
  • Bulk total value: $31,654,000
  • Intermedial total value: $89,541,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $1,911,321,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $150,145,000
London, UK
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12. United Kingdom

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $2,740,498,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 1.7%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Forest Products
  • Bulk total value: $119,602,000
  • Intermedial total value: $506,820,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $1,100,002,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $1,014,074,000
Colombia
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11. Colombia

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $2,881,065,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 1.8%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Corn
  • Bulk total value: $1,305,913,000
  • Intermedial total value: $923,885,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $632,865,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $18,402,000
Indonesia
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10. Indonesia

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $2,897,691,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 1.8%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Soybeans
  • Bulk total value: $1,486,644,000
  • Intermedial total value: $682,172,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $654,523,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $74,352,000
Philippines
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9. Philippines

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $3,230,646,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 2.0%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Soybean Meal
  • Bulk total value: $919,558,000
  • Intermedial total value: $1,182,673,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $1,107,535,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $20,881,000
Taiwan
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8. Taiwan

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $3,349,146,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 2.1%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Soybeans
  • Bulk total value: $1,194,534,000
  • Intermedial total value: $350,236,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $1,729,362,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $75,015,000
Netherlands
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7. Netherlands

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $3,741,523,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 2.3%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Soybeans
  • Bulk total value: $1,158,135,000
  • Intermedial total value: $965,926,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $1,221,265,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $396,197,000
Vietnam
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6. Vietnam

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $3,744,450,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 2.3%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Cotton
  • Bulk total value: $1,790,124,000
  • Intermedial total value: $643,589,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $928,273,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $382,465,000
South Korea
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5. South Korea

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $8,241,801,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 5.1%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Beef & Beef Products
  • Bulk total value: $1,604,410,000
  • Intermedial total value: $1,560,234,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $4,541,906,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $535,251,000

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Japan
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4. Japan

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $12,887,108,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 8.0%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Beef & Beef Products
  • Bulk total value: $3,966,270,000
  • Intermedial total value: $1,377,563,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $6,371,574,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $1,171,700,000
Mexico
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3. Mexico

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $18,962,080,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 11.7%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Corn
  • Bulk total value: $6,132,761,000
  • Intermedial total value: $3,914,580,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $8,288,950,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $625,787,000
Canada
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2. Canada

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $25,414,534,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 15.7%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Bakery Goods, Cereals, & Pasta
  • Bulk total value: $1,023,675,000
  • Intermedial total value: $4,160,305,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $17,093,000,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $3,137,555,000
China
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1. China

  • Total value of U.S. agricultural exports to country: $28,750,288,000
  • Country’s value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports: 17.7%
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country: Soybeans
  • Bulk total value: $19,132,864,000
  • Intermedial total value: $1,872,701,000
  • Consumer oriented total value: $5,393,904,000
  • Agricultural related total value: $2,350,819,000

Detailed Findings & Methodology

To find the largest importers of U.S. agricultural products, researchers at Commodity.com analyzed data from the U.S.

Department of Agriculture’s Foreign Agricultural Service’s Global Agricultural Trade System.

The researchers ranked countries according to the total value of U.S. agricultural products that each country imports for the year 2020.

Researchers also calculated each country’s:

  • Agricultural product value as a share of total U.S. agricultural exports
  • Top U.S. agricultural product exported to country
  • Bulk total value (value of grains, oilseeds, cotton, etc.)
  • Intermedial total value (value of milled grains, soybean oil, live animals, etc.)
  • Consumer-oriented total value (meat, eggs, fruit, vegetables, etc.)
  • Agriculture-related products’ total value (biodiesel, forest products, seafood products)